What Is Totalitarianism? Definition, Meaning And Features

Meaning Of Totalitarianism
It is also called “Authoritarianism”, it is a form of government in which the state has absolute control of everything including the aspect of the citizens life. Here, laws are product of the will of the ruler. They alone has the right to define the standard of right and wrong. A good example is Adolf Hitler of Germany (1993).
There is no form of opposition in totalitarianism and it only allows one political party which is controlled by the state to exist.
In this system, citizens and mass media are under states control. Laws are made to favour the rulers at the expense of their fundamental human right.
Features Of Totalitarianism
Here are the features or characteristics of totalitarianism:
1. Government decisions are always unquestionable.
2. Absence of constitution and no limitation to power.
3. The government is headed by a dictator. Example: Adolf Hitler of Germany.
4. People are given little or no attention. Also freedom and liberty of the people are neglected.
5. The government uses force to suppress those who oppose any of its policies.
6. The government has absolute control of the mass media/press.
7. The government eventually controls all the means of information and education.