What Are The Effects And Ways Of Preventing Corruption?

Social Studies
Table Of Contents

  • The Effects Of Corruption
  • Ways Of Preventing Corruption

Effects Of Corruption
1. The major effect of corruption in the society is that it retards economic and social growth of the nation. It lowers the quality of services provided by our leaders.
2. Corrupt practices have destroyed honest efforts. Most people have imbibed the culture of cheating, thereby relegating merit and honesty to the background.
3. Corruption discourages foreign investment. Foreign investors are scared of investing in a country ridden with corruption.
4. Corruption has led to mistrust in official circles, as the credibility of officers are in doubt. Citizens no longer trust some highly placed public officers.
5. It is also responsible for inefficiency in the civil service, resulting in poor implementation and execution.
6. The general decline in the standard of education in Nigeria is a direct consequence of corruption. Most students and teachers do not take academic work serious. Students resorts to underhand methods to pass examinations.
7. Lack of infrastructural growth of the country is the handiwork of corruption. Public officers embezzle money meant for development.
8. The near collapse of our various public establishments like the NEPA (PHCN) is a consequence of corruption, including NITEL which has finally collapsed.
9. Corruption has also negatively affected other public utilities and the provision of social amenities.
10. Nigeria is rated among the most corrupt countries of the world.
Ways Of Preventing Corruption
1. Leadership: Leaders should uphold the principles of leadership by example, accountability, honesty, transparency and probity.
2. High Moral Standards: Workers should imbibe high moral standards in the conduct of public affairs. This forms the very basis of corruption prevention and control.
3. There should be effective teaching of moral education in our schools to groom morally sound students that will be an asset to the society.
4. Introduction of better pay packets and better conditions of service for workers, especially the teachers who are responsible for the upbringing of the children.
5. Reward of orderly conduct in private and public life to encourage good ethical conducts.
6. Strict enforcement of civil service rule and regulations and stiffer penalty for misconduct including dismissal from service for erring officials.
7. Strict adherence to meritocracy in promotions in the public service and the employment of new staff.
8. The nation should embark on a programme of rebuilding the individual person and our collective conscience through aggressive national reorientation programmer. Here, the rebranding policy of the present Federal Administration is met timely.