Three Arms Of Government In Nigeria And Their Functions

Three Arms Of Government In Nigeria And Their Functions

The three arms of Government and their functions: The Government may be described as an entity of the State, which is focused on managing the public’s welfare and general wellbeing of those under its administration. The Government cannot function properly without organs and structures. The majority of independent states use a system that includes the Government through various branches and levels.

Three Arms of Government and Their Functions

This article provides a concise overview of the various departments of the Government, the functions they fulfill, and the way they function in a real sense. The three (3) armies of the Government include three arms Government: the Legislature, the Executive, and the Judiciary. The powers, functions, and general procedures enacted by these government arms are set by the grand norm that governs a state: The Constitution. The three arms have different responsibilities. Aim to ensure that the level of governance is maintained to a degree advantageous to the citizens.


The Three Arms of Government

1. The Legislature is the Government’s arm that is mostly concerned with the process of making laws within the State. The Legislature ensures that laws are drafted and reviewed from time intervals so that the country is managed to guarantee the respect of law and order in the society. The Legislature is also responsible for ensuring that laws that need amendments or revisions to ensure that they are following the current situation are continuously checked. The Legislature also oversees the financial affairs of the states.


Legislative functions serve as an instrument of the Government.

They ensure that state budgets are approved when it is due and that there is enough money for the financing of the budget. General oversight and control of other arms of Government are usually performed in the Legislature. This can include the execution of things like making major appointments, voting for them, and approving these appointments to other branches of Government, as well as periodic reviews of the work of other branches.

The Legislature of a state can be unicameral or bicameral. A unicameral legislature is one composed of a single chamber. There are no different levels in this kind of Legislature. In contrast, a bicameral Legislature is one comprised of two levels or levels: the Senate as well as the House of Representatives. People generally appoint the legislature members through elections after the State has been divided into various constituents.

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Functions of the Legislature

a. Legislation making lawmaking: This branch of the Government’s principal task. It makes sure that laws are passed they are needed while respect to the Constitution regarding the lawmaking procedure.

b. Amendments and Revisions of Laws: Laws are designed to regulate the actions of individuals in the State. However, people are constantly changing, and the law has to change constantly to remain efficient. The Legislature ensures this by continuously revising and amending laws as needed.

c. The checks on other branches of Government The Legislature also carried checks on other government departments. This ensures that other branches of the Government are operating in line with the laws and regulations and to the benefit of the citizens.

The Legislature is responsible for carrying out tasks such as voting on the budget made by executive arms, examining the appointment of ministers made by executive arms, and reviewing the judicial appointments made by the Judiciary and other tasks.

d. Deliberative Functions as the Government’s lawmaking department, the Legislature can debate any issue or law before bringing it into force in the country. For example, before an act is made law in Nigeria, the Legislature has to examine the consequences of the law very carefully.

This is a crucial function as. If the issues aren’t adequately considered before their implementation, the people will suffer more.

2. The Executive wing of the Government is primarily concerned with the management of the State. It ensures that laws passed through the legislative process are carried out through its legislators. The executive arm is led by the President of the nation. It is comprised comprising police, arm forces, and other ministries. Police, Arm Forces, and other parastatals and ministries. This is the arm that has the most power within the State because of its role in governing.

The Executive branch of the Government

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Electorates normally elect the head of the branch. Once the head is in control, it will make appointments for various ministers and parastatals and form the cabinet. It is also the chief of the Armed Forces. This branch of Government takes the ceremonial duties and is the State’s representative.


Which are the three pillars of the State and their functions?

Functions of the Executive Arm

a. Implementation of Laws the law has been passed within a state. The laws have to be implemented to serve any significance. The Executive has this task. It makes sure that laws are followed and that peace and order are maintained in society.

b. Diplomatic Relations: No nation is indeed an island on its own. Therefore, good relations are required between independent countries. These relationships can be beneficial in politics, trade, and other matters of common significance for the states. The Executive’s responsibility is to establish and maintain positive relationships between the States and the other states that are independent. This is a crucial task.

c. Checks of other arms of the Government. The Executive performs checks on other branches of the Government. The laws drafted by the Legislature will not become law until they’ve been approved by the top of the Executive and the President has the authority to make an appointment to the judicial system. All of these are ways to ensure that the Executive has the power to conduct checks on the other branches of the Government.

d. Appointment-making: Apart from implementing laws and policies formulated by the Legislature, the executive branch of the Government also has the authority to choose ministers for the various sectors in the nation. In Nigeria, the individuals selected by the Executive (the governor or President) must be confirmed by the Legislature before they can be appointed.

The e. Treaty-making: The executive branch of the Government is also accountable for drafting Treaties that concern the nation. When it comes to signing international treaties incorporated into national law, the Executive plays an important part.

3. The Judiciary branch of Government is involved primarily with the legal interpretation of laws in the State. The laws that are made after they have been enacted are not always clearly comprehended. Therefore when conflicts occur regarding those laws, it is the Judiciary part of the Government that oversees the law’s interpretation and resolves these disagreements. A Chief Justice is at the helm of this branch and is assisted by other officers of the judicial system, who work in their roles as judges or justices.

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Judiciary is one of the most crucial arms of Government.

This branch of the Government serves as the custodians of the ground norm of the Constitution. It ensures that the Constitution’s rules are adhered to in full. The Judiciary is comprised of courts with different areas of jurisdiction and a hierarchy that ranges from the Supreme Court to the Court of Appeal and the High Courts.

The functions of the Judiciary branch of the Government

a. Legal Interpretation: When the necessity arises, this section of the Government is responsible for ensuring that laws enacted through the Legislature are given the right interpretation and fully. The arm does not perform this task at any time it wants. However, it only does so when it is requested to perform this function by litigants.

Judiciary functions perform the functions as an instrument of government

b. Settlement of Disputes existence of disputes is a fundamental aspect of life for human beings. It is, therefore, normal that disputes will result from business relations or domestic relationships, and even professional relationships. If they do, the Judiciary deals with them in the government branch, which ensures that they are settled peacefully.

c. checks on another government arm to ensure that no part of the Government is granted too much power and is not controlled. The Constitution has provisions for checks and balances to be in place for the various arms of the Government. The Judiciary is not exempted. It is empowered to scrutinize the legislative actions and the Executive by the judicial review process. At the conclusion of the review, it can declare that the action is legal or null and void.

In the end, we have extensively discussed the three organs of the Government and their diverse duties. I hope you find this article useful. If you have any questions or suggestions regarding the role of the three departments of Government, please submit your suggestions to me through the comments section. I’ll be delighted to assist you.

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