Learn how to start rice farming in Nigeria with the help of our article. You will meet the requirements and cost of rice farming in Nigeria.
It is no hidden fact that the rice farming business is among the most lucrative agricultural business anyone can start in Nigeria, For many reasons people overlook rice farming, maybe due to location or even capital of starting one, some ignores it and sees it as a regular business that can’t make much profit, some even see it as a poor man’s business.
But the truth is that rice farming is very profitable as far as you have the knowledge, skills, and capital to get started.
Starting a rice farm doesn’t come easy; there are many procedures involves in it. There are many factors to consider, ranging from location, how you want your rice farm to be, and the size of the Farm.
Rice may be in different textures like long-grain, medium, and short-grain. And choosing the suitable variety is what matters most. Rice farming processes take about 3, 4, or up to 5 months to mature after planting.
Starting A Rice Farm In Nigeria
Follow the below steps to start a rice farm;
1. Develop A Business Plan:
You will need to figure out the market, competition, and developing a good marketing strategy.
Look into the financial aspect of it like the equipment, the cost of buying or renting land, and the necessary funds needed to maintain and sustain your farm; these are things to figure out when creating a rice farming business plan.
2. Choose The Right Location:
There are some specific requirements to consider when choosing your rice planting location. The best soil for planting should consist of slightly acidic clay.
However you are planning to grow rice, make sure there is a steady supply of water, and the area for planting should receive full sunlight.
3. Purchase The Rice Seeds:
Buy a good rice seed from a successful rice farmer or a reliable source. Ensure that they are disease-free. And note that rice has so many varieties, choosing the right one is another way to a successful production.
Now that you have purchased the right seed, you have to soak them to prepare them for planting; The maximum time should range from 10 to 20 hours, And remove the source once it reaches the required time. Make plans on how you will plant your rice (method), ensure that the areas shouldn’t be over-flooded, but need to stay wet.
4. Planting And Caring For Your Seedlings:
Plant your rice seeds throughout the prepared soil, and note during spring or fall season. Make sure to get rid of weeds, till the beds, and level the ground. The rice seeds need all the nutrients and space to grow well.
Keep in mind that the soil should be wet all the time. The ground is merely crucial for the tremendous growth of your rice. Be better prepared to take your responsibility seriously as a rice farmer.
Thin/space out the seedlings while planting for the best result; some may decide to start with a nursery bed to allow easy movement, that is, transplanting. Ensure that you give your seedlings the best care they may require.
5. Harvesting Your Rice:
It takes about 3, 4, or even five months for your rice grains to mature.
At this point, they will be up to 17 inches tall. Let the water dry out or drain out water before removing the rice for harvesting. It should turn from green to something gold in one or two weeks. That is when you will know; then they are ready.
When the rice has turned something like gold, you should cut the stalks and dry them for 2 to 3 weeks. You can rap them and keep them in a dry area for that 2 to 3 weeks. You will get the grams clearly when the moisture has thoroughly dried out.
Bake the rice in the oven fan for an hour at about 80 degrees. Then remove the rice stacks and warm them again. The rice shouldn’t be burnt. And the expected color should be a golden brown; After following this procedure, you should let them cool.
The next option is to separate the karmas from the hills. The procedures involved in harvesting rice include cutting, stacking, handling, threshing, clearing, and landing, Also take note that harvesting can be done manually or mechanically.
You now decide how to market your rice; you have to implement your marketing strategies to get the desired growth for your rice farm.
Cost Of Starting A Rice Farm In Nigeria
However, when analyzing the capital needed to start up this business, the key factors should base on your location, size of the farm, the required materials, and equipment.