Parts Of A Computer Keyboard Diagram With label | Functions And Uses

Table Of Contents

1. Introduction

2. Parts Of A Computer Keyboard Diagram With Label

3. Uses Of Different Parts Of The Computer Keyboard


Earlier, we discussed that data of all types- alphabetic, numeric, and alphanumeric- could be entered or keyed into using the keyboard as an input device.

It then means that the computer keyboard consists of different parts which enable effective and adequate data entry, just as human beings have various parts like the eye, nose, mouth, ear, etc., that enable it to function well. So relax, let me show you part of the keyboard you never know.

This section will look at the various parts of a computer keyboard diagram with labels.

computer keyboard diagram with label

Parts Of A Computer Keyboard

A computer keyboard has several types and variations, but all keyboards have the same basic elements. The parts of a typical computer keyboard include:

  1. Function keys.
  2. Typewriter Keys.
  3. Cursor- Control Keys(Navigation key)
  4. Numeric Keys
  5. Special keys( computer Keys).

Parts Of Keyboard

  1. Function Keys: Most computer keyboards come with function keys ranging from F1-F10 ( standard keyboard). Some function keys are f1-F12(enhanced keyboard). These function keys are positioned on the top row of the keyboard. They are labeled F1, F2, F3, F4, and F12 for modern enhanced keyboards.
  2. Typewriter Keys: These are the same type of keys you find in an old typewriter. They consist of letters of the alphabet A, B, C, D, and XYZ.
  3. Numbers==1,2,3,….9: Special Characters: examples of special characters are !, @, #, $, %, &, etc.
  4. Cursor-Control Keys: Cursor-control keys are often called navigational or arrow keys. These four keys move the text cursor in the direction of their arrows. Above them is cursor- control keys, the six-pack of insert, delete, home, end, page up, and page down.
  5. Numeric Keys: Popular With accountants, bank tellers, and line ticket agents, the numeric keypad contains calculation-like keys. This keypad also doubles as a cursor keypad. The Num lock keys determine its behavior.
  6. Special Keys: some of the special computer keys seen in a computer keyboard are “CTRL,” ALT,” “WINDOW,” “SHIFT,” “TAB,” and “ESC” keys. These keys are specially designed for a special purpose.

Uses Of Different Parts Of The Computer Keyboard Diagram With Label

  • Function Keys:

The Function Keys are one of the keys in the part of the keyboard designated F1 to F12. They are called function keys because each performs Specific functions in different programs. They can also be used in combination with other keys.


Almost always used as the help key. Almost every program opens a help screen when this key is pressed. To enter the CMOS setup. Windows Key +F1 would open the Microsoft windows help and support center. Opens the Task Plane.


In windows, Renames a highlighted icon, file, or folder in all versions of windows.

Alt + Ctrl + F2 opens a document window in Microsoft Word.

Ctrl + F2 displays the print preview window in Microsoft Word. Quickly renames a selected file or folder, To enter CMOS Setup.


Often opens a search feature for many programs, including Microsoft Windows, when on the Windows Desktop. In MS-DOS or Windows, command line F3 will repeat the last command.

Shift + F3 will change the text in Microsoft word from upper to lower case or a capital letter at the beginning of every word.

Windows Keys + F3 opens the advanced find window in Microsoft Outlook.


Opens find Windows 95 to XP.

Opens the address bar in Windows Explorer and Internet Explorer.

Repeat the last action performed( Word 2000+) Alt, + F4 closes the program window currently active in Microsoft windows. Ctrl + F4 closes the open Windows within the current active window in Microsoft Windows.


In all modern internet browsers pressing F5 will refresh or reload the page or document Window. Opens the find, replace, and go-to window in Microsoft Word. Start a slideshow on PowerPoint.


Moves the cursor to the Address bar in Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, and most other internet browsers. Ctrl + Shift +F6 opens another open Microsoft word document.


Commonly used to spell check and grammar check a document in Microsoft programs such as Microsoft Word, Outlook, etc.

Shift + F7 runs a Thesaurus check on the word highlighted. Turns on Caret browsing in Mozilla Firefox


Used to enter the windows startup menu, commonly used to access Windows Safe Mode.


Refreshes documents in Microsoft word. Send and receives e-mails in Microsoft Outlook.


In Microsoft, windows activate the menu bar of an open application.

Shift+ F10 is the same as right-clicking on a highlighted icon, file, or internet link. To enter the CMOS setup.


Activates Full-screen mode in all modern internet browsers. Ctrl + F11 as the computer is starting to access the hidden recovery partition on many dell companies.


Opens the save As window in Microsoft word. Ctrl + F12 will save the document in word( like Ctrl + S). Shift + F12 and save the Microsoft word document.

Ctrl + shift + F12 print a document in Microsoft Word.

  • Alphanumeric Keys or Typewriter Keys

These keys are numbers, alphabets, and special characters (symbols). Numbers are 0 to 9. Alphabets are 4 to Z. Examples of special characters ( symbols) are @, #, $,%,^,&.

  • Numeric Keypad Or Calculator Keys

These are found on the right side end of the keyboard and are used for data entry and calculation.

  • Modifiers Keys:

These are the Ctrl( Control), alt ( Alternate), and shift keys. They are not used alone but in combination with one or more keys.


CTRL+ ALT + DEL restarts the computer ALT + F4. Closes a window and displays a dialogue box for system shutdown, switch user, log off, restart, sleep or standby (hibernate).

CTRL + S saves a document in Microsoft Word.

  • Curson Control Keys:

These are keys that control the movement of the cursor. Examples:

Arrow Keys- the arrow keys move the cursor in four directions, left, right, up, and down.

Page up and page down keys-move a page up and down, respectively.

Home key-moves the cursor or text a predetermined distance.

Space bar key- move the cursor to one space.

Enter( return) key tells the computer to carry out an operation. Also moves the cursor to the beginning of a new line.

Delete key-moves the cursor forward and deletes characters on its way.

Backspace key- moves the cursor backward and erases characters on its way.

ESC key- terminates the current task.

  • Other Keys >>>

Insert Key: Primarily switched between the two text-entering modes on a personal computer (PC) or word processor. The first is the over-type mode, in which the cursor, when typing, overwrites any text that is present in the current location.

The other is insert mode, where the cursor inserts a character at its current position, forcing all characters past it one position further.

Caps lock key– this key, when pressed, makes letters appear in upper case (capitals).

Num Lock Key – this key, when pressed, activates the number mode of the numeric keypad.

Print Sc (print screen): This key is used to print the content of the current window. In laptops, it is used in conjunction with the Fn Key.

Fn-Key Fn, short for function, is a modifier key on many keyboards, especially on laptops, used in a compact kept separate. It is typically found on laptops due to their keyboard size restrictions.

Scroll Lock Key: The key temporarily stops text scrolling or stops a program’s operation. In Microsoft Excel, when the scroll lock is enabled on the keyboard pressing any of the arrow keys moves the screen in that direction, but the selected cell will not change.

Windows Key: Activate the startup menu