Monarchial Form Of Government: Meaning, Types And Features

Table Of Contents
1. Meaning Of Monarchy
2. Types Of Monarchy
3. Features Of Monarchial Government
Meaning Of Monarchial Form Of Government
Monarchy is a form of government headed by a monarch who may be a King, Queen or Emperor. In monarchial system, succession to the office of head of state is hereditary. Here the majesty and sovereignty of the state is in an individual (who is either a King, Queen or Emperor).
Two Types Of Monarchy
They are:
1. Constitutional Monarchy:
A constitutional monarchy is one that is subject to legal limitations. The power of a constitutional monarch is regulated by constitution. The monarch can only promulgate laws which are agreed to by the elected parliament. A good example of a country that operates constitutional monarchy is Britain.
2. Absolute Monarchy:
In absolute monarchy, There is no established constitutional authority to check the king’s power. Absolute monarchy is not subject to any legal limitations. Examples are Fredrick the Great of Russia (1743-1786), Louis of france (1643-1715).
Features Of Monarchial Government Or Monarchy
1. The government of the country is in the hands of a King, Queen or Emperor.
2. It is an age-long form of government based on hereditary pattern.
3. A monarch could be despotic (Unlimited and wrongly used powers) and not ready for change.
4. Monarchy is seen as a natural institution where obedience to the King is seen as obedience to God.
5. Monarchy is used as a form of government adopted in time of emergencies because there is no constitution before decision are taken.
Differences Between Absolute Monarchy And Republican Form Of Government
1. In Absolute Monarchy, The King, Queen, Emperor etc, is the head of state, While In Republican, Head of state is the president.
2. Absolute Monarchy: The monarch is not elected but ascended to throne but hereditary.
Republican: He is popularly elected by the people.
3. Absolute Monarchy: The monarch does not have a fixed time.
Republican: The president stays in office for a long term.
4. Absolute Monarchy: There is no limitation to the exercise of power in absolute monarchism because the monarch has absolute power.
In Republican: There are limitations to the exercise of power by the political leaders.
5. In Absolute Monarchy: It is not democratic and there is no respect for the rule of law.
In Republican: It is democratic and there is respect for the rule of law.