Farm Mechanization: Meaning, Problems, Advantages And Disadvantages Of Farm Mechanization

Farm Mechanization

Problems Of Agricultural Mechanization:

Meaning Of Farm Mechanization:

Farm Mechanization is the application of engineering principles and technology in agricultural production storage and processing on the farm.

Mechanised Operation.

Farm Mechanization is applicable to land preparation, planting, fertiliser application, weeding and crop harvesting, Rearing, care and feeding of animals as well as processing and storage of Farm produce using appropriate Farm Machines.

Problems Of Farm Mechanization

1. Land tenure system
2. Scattered Farm holding
3. Poverty of farmers
4. Inadequate facilities (Machinery)
5. Bad topography
6. Varied soil types
7. Inadequate spare parts
8. Inadequate technical man power
9. Problems of stumps and logs.

Advantages Of Farm Mechanization

1. Time lines of operation
2. It saves labour
3. It reduces health hazard
4. It reduces drigery
5. Increases in-Farm revenue
6. It encourages large scale Farming
7. Increase in output
8. Co-operation among farmer’s
9. It increases specialization of labour
10. It saves time
11. Reduction in cost of production
12. Improvement in quality of products
13. Availability of labour for other sectors
14. Use of less human labour

Disadvantages Of Farm Mechanization

1. High cost
2. Displacement of workers
3. Compaction of soil
4. It causes environmental pollution
5. Degradation of landscape
6. Land tenure system
7. Destruction of soil structure
8. Redundancy of farm labour
9. Few crops can be mechanized
10. Inadequate technical know-how
11. Damage to crops
12. Inadequate spare parts
13. High cost of maintenance
14. Spread of pests and diseases
15. Human control
16. Unstable fuel supply.

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