Constitutional Democracy Definition, Functions, Types And Features

Meaning and Types of Constitutional Democracy

Features of Constitutional Democracy

Functions of Constitutional Democracy

Meaning of Constitutional Democracy

Democracy is the government by, for, and for the people. It is the government of a society where all citizens, not only people or groups that are preferred, are given the right and chance to be a part of it. In a democratic system, the citizens are sovereign. They are also the primary source of power.

In a constitution-based democracy, the power that the majorities have is restricted through legal and institutional mechanisms to ensure that the right of individuals and minorities are protected. This is the type of democracy across Germany, Israel, Japan and Japan, the United States, and other nations.

Constitutional democracy refers to the kind of democracy in which the powers held by the majority of people are exercised in the constitution’s framework, which is intended to ensure the majority’s rights.

In this form of democracy, how people will be ruled and controlled is outlined by the constitution. Constitutional democracy is a type that is based on and follows the constitution of each state.

Types of Constitutional Democracy

  1. Pluralism is a kind of democracy that is constitutional, where the majority of citizens can exercise their views, opinions, and ideas. It permits broad participation by citizens.
  2. Republican Constitutional Democracy, This kind of democracy allows for hearings on issues affecting only the state. It encompasses all citizens of a state but only on matters that concern the state. Some examples of countries that do this include India, France, and Ireland.
  3. Constitutive Direct is a way to organize the entire process to conform to Constitutional Direct. It also allows direct participation in the state’s political activities.

Features of Constitutional Democracy

  1. CONSTITUTIONAL DEMOCRACY is the opposite of arbitrarily ruled. It is a form of democracy that is defined by PUBLIC SOVEREIGNTY. They are also the primary source of authority for the government that derives its power to govern from their approval.
  2. MINORITY RIGHTS. Even though “the majority rules,” the rights of those who are minority citizens are guaranteed. Right to minorities: Under a constitutional democratic system the rights of the marginalized or voiceless are protected by the constitution.
  3. LIMITED GOVERNMENT. Law restricts the power of the government, and there is the constitution, whether written or unwritten, that those in power must abide by. The government is limited. Government Limited Government: The administration in a constitutional democracy is little compared to other kinds of democracy, where the government is dissolved at any point.
  4. INSTITUTIONAL AND PROCEDURAL LIMITATIONS ON POWERS. There are specific institutional and procedural tools that restrict the power of the government. They could be:
  5. SEPARATED AND SHARED POWERS. Powers are distributed among different branches or agencies that comprise administration. Each department or agency is primarily responsible for specific executive, legislative and judicial functions. But, every department shares its responsibilities with other branches.
  6. CHECKS AND BALANCES. Different branches or agencies of government have the power to monitor the power of the branches. Balances and checks could include the power of judiciary review. The courts have the authority to declare the actions of different government branches to conflict with the constitution, making them null, null, and void.
  7. DUE PROCESS OF LAW. Individual rights to liberty, life, and property are secured by the guarantee of a fair procedure of Law.
  8. LEADERSHIP SUCCESSION THROUGH ELECTIONS. Elections ensure that the most crucial post within the government is contested periodically, and the transfer of authority is carried out in a calm and orderly way.
  9. Popular sovereignty In a democracy that is constitutional, the public is considered the most powerful sound of state. Of a nation, which makes the wishes of the people to be prevailing.
  10. Fundamental freedom It is the constitutional right of the citizens to be aware of their rights and to ensure their rights are protected. The constitution guarantees fundamental freedom from interference by the people to the business of the government.
  11. Rule of Majority: This rule allows an overwhelming majority of citizens the right to voice their opinions and views on the issues that concern their government. Majority rule provides the leadership right to the masses and thus gains the approval and respect of the people.

Functions of Constitutional Democracy

  1. They offer amenities for the social, such as electricity, water, etc., to the residents.
  2. They safeguard the citizens from threats from the outside and inside.
  3. They create laws and execute them.
  4. They encourage national unity.
  5. They honor the dignity of each individual.
  6. They safeguard the rights of any citizen in the country.
  7. Authorities constituted for organizations are the leaders of business associations, clubs, social gatherings, or political parties.

Functions of Organizational Constituted Authority.

  1. They can cater to the needs of their members.
  2. They decide on policies and decisions for their members.
  3. They safeguard the rights of their members
  4. They represent their organizations at any event that is relevant to society.


  1. Define constitutional democracy
  2. What are the various types of constitutional democracy?
  3. What exactly are the features of a democracy that is constitutional?
  4. What are the purposes of a constitutional democracy?


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