Classes Of Food With Examples And Meaning

Classes Of Food

Meaning of Food

The term “food” refers to any food product that, when absorbed into the body of a living organisms is capable of maintaining the growth and development of the organism. It regulates organ functions and also controls harmful or hazardous substances that could enter the body.

Different Types of Food


Basic Food Groups

It is essential to categorize food items into groups. There are five categories.

  1. The Milk and Milk Producer Group
  2. Meat group
  3. Group of fruits and vegetables
  4. Cereal and bread group
  5. Tuber group


  1. Food is what?
  2. What kinds of food are there? Write them down.
  3. List some of the foods you’ve eaten.

Meaning of Food

Food is any substance that, is absorbed into the body, helps replenish and strengthen tissues, as well as supply the body with vitality.

Classes of Food

There are six types of food items, which are:

  1. Carbohydrates
  2. Proteins
  3. Fats and oil
  4. Mineral salts
  5. Vitamins
  6. Water
Classes of FoodSourcesFunctions
Carbohydrateyam, garri, cassava, yam
Maize, flour, wheat and potato
It provides the body with
Proteinsmeat, beans, fish, soya
beans, eggs, peanuts,
cheese, chicken.
To help repair and grow
of the body’s of tissues.
Oils and fatspalm oils, groundnut oil,
butter, margarine, sardine,
pork, egusi oil,
Cod liver oil
The body is provided with
heating as well as energy to
everyday routine.
Mineral saltsmilk, meat, liver, cheese,
Seafoods and vegetables
Functioning properly of
the body.
Waterrain, spring, brooks,
vegetables, fruits,
Tea and beverages
for easy digestion and
Maintenance of the body
Vitaminsliver, eggs, fish, oil,
tomatoes, citrus and
To protect against


  1. What are the groups we can use to categorize food items?
  2. What are the roles of the different classes of food?
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Meaning of Food

Food is everything we consume whether liquid or solid, that nourish our body.

Importance of Food

Food is essential because of the following reasons:

  1. Food eliminates hunger
  2. It is a source of energy to perform a variety of physical tasks.
  3. It boosts the rate of growth.
  4. It’s a form of resistance to the disease
  5. Food is a way to heal from illnesses
  6. It is an income source
  7. It is consumed for the purpose of providing adequate nutrition
  8. Food is the key to a healthy lifestyle.
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