Dominic Onyedikachi

Brief History Of Psychology Towards Understanding Behaviour

Like ever other modern science, psychology has passed through different evolutional stages in the process of establishing standard approaches toward understanding human behaviour. Whatever scientific principles we adopt today for the study of psychology as a science of behaviour, dates back to the days of Greek Philosphers such as Plato, Aristotle and Socrates. In the …

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Intelligence And Intelligence Test: Meaning, Concept And Utility

There is need to understand what Intelligence is all about to psychologists. Generally speaking, the term “Intelligence” means general mental or intellectual ability, which disposese an individual to learn and positively and effectively adjust to his social environment or a part thereof. Some psychologists, going by the above understanding, refer to intelligence as the ability …

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Mental Retardation: Meaning, Causes, Prevention And Treatment

The American Association on Mental Deficiency (AAMD), in its Journal of Mental Deficiency (1973, p.11) defined Mental Retardation (retardness) as “significantly sub-average general intellectual functioning existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behaviour, and manifested during the developmental period”. The American psychiatric Association Journal (1986) defined it as a “subgeneral intellectual functioning, which originates during the …

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Meaning And Definition Of Psychology: Goals And Practical Use

The literal meaning of Psychology is derived from two greek words: i. Psyche…. Soul or Mind ii. Logos…. Study, Knowledge or Understanding. Literally therefore, the earliest psychologists defined psychology as the study of the soul which then referred to as a “being within an individual that directs his activities and leaves the individual’s body when …

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The Concept Of Behaviour: Types And Aspects Of Behaviour

In fact, behaviour is a very important concept because it is the main focus and subject matter of psychology. Consequently, the concept needs very clear explanation for better understanding. What then is behaviour? “Behaviour can be explained as any activity or action of a living organism manifested either consciously or unconsciously which can be observed …

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